This versatile Southern Nevada native reaches 3 x 3 feet with yellow flowers in spring; a must for any dry area. Sun Exposure: Full sun, tolerates reflected heat. Main flower color: Yellow. Encelia californica is a bushy, sprawling shrub reaching between 50–150 cm (20-60 inches) in height. Plant in full sun, well drained soil, deep infrequent water once established. Some of these names are shared with other species. Plant Type. The name comes from the brittleness of its stems. The common name "brittlebush" comes from the brittleness of its stems. Blooms. NONE.  Recently the plant has spread dramatically in areas not natural to its distribution in large part because Caltrans has begun to use it in hydroseeding. Walk among free-flight birds, towering saguaros and watch the racing roadrunners. FAst. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Ground up it was used by the Seri Indians of Mexico as a toothpaste. Location: The Desert. I can be found throughout certain deserts but in this lesson we will be sticking to the Sonoran desert. Johnst. Common Name: Brittlebush Scientific Name: Encelia farinosa Common Name: Western Screech-Owl Scientific Name: Megascops kennicottii Brittlebush is a member of the sunflower family and can be found growing on rocky or gravelly slopes and washes within the Sonoran Desert and portions of the Mohave Desert. Scientific name: Encelia farinosa. They are arranged in loose panicles above the leafy stems fruit 3–6 mm and no pappus is visible. These common desert plants found in the hot, barren landscapes of the southwest states and northern Mexico. Reviews 0 Reviews. , Two varieties of E. farinosa are recognized by Flora of North America. It can be found in a variety of desert habitats from dry gravelly slopes to open sandy washes up to 1000 meters. farinosa Encelia farinosa var. Common Name: Brittlebush. Gray ex Torr. Range: South California, south Nevada, far southwest Utah and most of Arizona . They are roundish mounds that can grow about two to five feet high. phenicodonta (Blake) I. M. Johnston Encelia farinosa var. Main flower color: Yellow. Size:1 to 3 feet or more tall and as wide. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ENFAF: Encelia farinosa A. Gray var. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. var. http://bonap.net/MapGallery/County/Encelia%20farinosa.png, Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, "Encelia farinosa Brittle Bush, Brittlebush, Incienso PFAF Plant Database", "Plants of the Cahuilla Indians of the Colorado Desert and Surrounding Mountains", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Encelia_farinosa&oldid=946177152, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It has a self-supporting growth form. Special Features. The PLANTS Image Gallery for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS Database This led to the Spanish name for the plant being incienso. Special Features. Large Shrubs. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Brittlebush is a photoautotroph. Subclass: Asteridae Blake: brittlebush Classification . The Brittle Bush has many adaptations. Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa) is a medium-sized rounded shrub. Habitat: Desert. Blooms. As the scientific name of this desert plant suggests, this is a huge cactus. The thick columnar stem stores moisture that allows this plant to survive the driest of conditions. They are about one to four inches long. This is the showy goldeneye plant. Common Name. The leaves drop off during periods of drought and after heavy frosts. Back To Plant Search USDA Hardiness Zone-10° F, Zone 6a. ABBREVIATION : ENCFAR SYNONYMS : Encelia farinosa var. Purshia tridentata, with the common name bitterbrush, is a shrub in the genus Purshia of the family Rosaceae.It is native to mountainous areas of western North America.. Common names include antelope bitterbrush, antelope bush, buckbrush, quinine brush, and less commonly deerbrush, blackbrush, and greasewood. Habitat . Winter evergreen to almost summer deciduous. Brittlebush definition is - any of a genus (Encelia) of composite plants having brittle stems; especially : a perennial desert shrub (E. farinosa) of the southwestern U.S. and adjacent Mexico with yellow flowers blooming above dense usually grayish-green foliage. Twitter. Stems are much-branched above; young stems have densely interwoven and matted hairs, older stems have smooth bark. Can you guess what I am called? Brittlebush is commonly a small perennial shrub, 2-3 ft. tall, 3 feet wide with greenish-gray to whitish-gray leaves and 2-3 inch yellow daisy flowers. Add to My Plant List; Brittlebush grows to 1 meter tall, with fragrant leaves 3-8 centimeters long. Mojave Sonoran Chihuahuan Great Basin. This page was last edited on 18 March 2020, at 15:52. Common Name(s): brittlebush [English] goldenhills : white brittlebush : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Write a Review. I grow yellow flowers during blooming season and I am named because of how brittle my stems are. SHOWY GOLDENEYE. Some of these names are shared with other species. Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family. Creosote Bush. Genus: Encelia Adans. Apacheria chiricahuensis C.T. names in breadcrumbs. Scientific Name: Sauromalus: Other Name: Sauromalus ater: Category: Lizard: Size: Approx 20 inches: Average Lifespan: About 25 years: Population : Chuckwalla Characteristics: The common chuckwalla is predominantly dull colored, usually of brown or dark gray. Habitat: Deserts; flats, along dry washes, hillsides; up to 3,000 feet. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. There are no subspecies, forms, or natural hybrids. This common wildflower grows on rocky hillsides. Brittlebush is so named because the stems break easily. Brittlebush is a common desert shrub in the southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico that grows between 2-5 feet. These also produce a resin that was burned as incense by Spanish settlers. They also would sprinkle the paste on sores or heat it and spread it on their bodies to relieve pain. Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush) is a medium-sized rounded shrub with brittle branches bearing long, oval, hairy leaves. Deciduous / Evergreen.  During dry seasons the plant goes drought deciduous, shedding all of its foliage, relying on the water stored in its thick stems. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ENFRF: Encelia frutescens (A. Flower stamens exude a fragrant resin. Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Common Name. Email. Plant in rocky or sandy soil . Family: ASTERACEAE . Order: Asterales Waterproofing: It has been used to waterproof containers. Its scientific name is encelia farinosa. Download Zoo Map. Care Information. Growth Habit. – brittlebush Habitat: Deserts; flats, along dry washes, hillsides; up to 3,000 feet. Small Shrubs. spreading, can reach up to 4 feet in height.
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