These wide branches can grow to lengths reaching over 2 meters (~6 feet) and construct vital vertical reef habitat. It was formerly one of the most common corals on reefs throughout its range. These provide important habitat for other reef animals, especially fish. Kingdom AnimaliaPhylum CnidariaClass AnthozoaSubclass HexacoralliaOrder ScleractiniaGenus AcroporaSpecies Acropora palmata, Status in World Register of Marine SpeciesAccepted name: Acropora palmata (Lamarck, 1816), Scientific synonyms and common namesElkhorn coral [English]Elandsgeweikoraal [Dutch]Acropore bois d'élan [French]Corail corne d'élan [French]Elchgewei-Koralle [German]Koral kachu grandi [Papiamentu]. It has alternation of generations, asexual reproduction, and sexual reproduction; it is a broadcast spawner and a hermaphrodite. Scientific Papers; Guidelines & Brochures; Photos and videos; Books; Related publications; Tools; Red List Training; Summary Statistics; Spatial Data & Mapping Resources; Support. Color: Golden-brown with light rims. http://eol.org/schema/terms/criticallyEndangered, http://apiv3.iucnredlist.org/api/v3/taxonredirect/133006, https://www.speciesplus.net/#/taxon_concepts/3118/legal, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C25513, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_03000034, http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosymbiotroph, http://eol.org/schema/terms/alternatingReproduction, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019954, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019953, http://eol.org/schema/terms/broadcastSpawner, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spawn_(biology)#Crustaceans, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007197, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002470, http://eol.org/schema/terms/EcomorphologicalGuild, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000687, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000024, http://eol.org/schema/terms/fossilOccPBDB, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0000003, http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/SupportingStructuresEnclosures. It, along with elkhorn coral and star corals (boulder, lobed, and mountainous) built Caribbean coral reefs over the last 5,000 years. Type: Coral. Laticauda colubrina Photo Credit: Ken Marks. --- Elkhorn coral (Scientific name: Acropora palmata; Quantity: 34,713; Red list status: critically endangered; Top animal ... endangered; Top animal/product type: specimens; Top purpose: scientific)--- Staghorn coral (Scientific name: Acropora cervicornis; Quantity: 15,462; Red list status: critically endangered; Top animal/product type: raw corals; Top purpose: scientific) Hammerheads … Many steps have been taken within the Dutch Caribbean to protect this and other valuable coral species. This species is structurally complex with many large branches. Type: Fish. The yellow-brown, broad branches resemble elk antlers; and so the common name. Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata) is an iconic species on Caribbean coral reefs. The coral structure resembles that of elk horns, and they create the perfect habitat for many other species of the reef. Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata) may refer to the following downloads: Elkhorn Coral (Dycki1231) You can continue searching for Acropora palmata on one of these Web sites: Fauna Europaea (animals) | IOPI (plants) | NCBI (genetic). Follow us. Like its name suggests, staghorn coral is a species of coral that looks a bit like the antlers of a male deer. These provide important habitat for other reef animals, especially fish. Named for its resemblance to elk antlers, elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) is structurally complex with many large, thick branches. Coral species include the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton. In ESA listings, Elkhorn coral is listed alongside Staghorn coral, A. cervicornia, because the corals share the same genus. But fast is relative in the coral world; a colony of staghorn coral may only grow four inches (10 cm) per year. They typically live in compact colonies of many identical individual polyps. Elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata): This coral is considered to be one of the most important reef-building corals in the Caribbean. Dead Elkhorn Coral form shallow marine sediments. Scientific Name: Aetomylaeus vespertilio. This species of coral is structurally complex with many large branches. Marine Parks, for example, have been created on five of our six islands to reduce threats to these fragile animals so that their population can recover. The complex coral structure in turn creates habitat for myriad reef fishes and invertebrates. Branch diameter between 5 and 25 cm, and 1-3 cm thick .Color:Golden-brown with light rims.Corallites:Corallites are porous protruding tubes, less than 5 mm long and 0.5-0.8 mm in diameter. SAVING ELKHORN CORALS. The most common of these is the staghorn coral. Colony diameter up to 3.5 meter, and more than 1 meter in height. Coral polyps are tiny, soft-bodied organisms related to sea anemones and jellyfish. Area: Pacific. Elkhorn is an intricate, relatively thin branching coral with an army green background and white growth tips and highlights on the coral body. It is listed as critically endangered by IUCN and in cites appendix ii. Elkhorn coral can form dense groups called thickets in very shallow water. New World Publications, Inc., Paramount Miller Graphics, Inc., Jacksonville, Florida. The two corals are sometimes found interspersed together, though elkhorn coral lives in shallow water of 1 to 5 meters in depth, while staghorn coral lives in deeper water, of 5 to 20 meters. http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/wiki/Traits:SupportingStructuresEnclosures Caribbean elkhorn coral is endangered, with coral-restoration projects in the region focusing mainly on restoring elkhorn and staghorn acropora species. The staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis) is a branching, stony coral with cylindrical branches ranging from a few centimetres to over two metres in length and height. What do Staghorn Corals eat? Roos, P.J., 1964. Donate; What's New; Donate now. EOL has data for 47 attributes, including: Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Elkhorn Coral. (2005) Henderson's dictionary of Biology (13th edition). Staghorn corals grow fast to shade out other corals and gain more space on the reef. Staghorn and Elkhorn coral are harvested for building materials, souvenirs, jewelery, and for aquariums. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010362. While recognized as two separate species in scientific literature, they inhabit similar ranges and share many of the same characteristics. Lawrence, E. The number one threat for coral reefs globally is climate change. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Elkhorn corals: as the name suggests, these types of corals resemble the branched horns of elk or deer. Elkhorn Coral form shallow marine sediment s. It is a photosymbiotroph. Most organisms are also given a simpler name. Name: n/a. Elkhorn coral is one of the most important corals in the Caribbean. Banyan Books, Inc. Miami, Florida. Reef Coral Identification - Florida Caribbean Bahamas, (ed. It has brown to tan branches that spread like flat fans with white on the outer growing margins. Florent's Guide To The South Florida Reefs - Elkhorn Coral - Acropora palmata - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - Common Name(s): Pore coral / Elkhorn coral Scientific/Other Name(s) : Montipora Hirsuta Care Level : Medium Lighting Requirements: Medium/High Flow Requirements: Medium/High Tank Position: Medium / High Feeding Requirements: The coral receives most of its nutrition through photosynthesis.It will also benefit from occasional additional food offered in the form of liquid or dried … Facebook; Twitter; IUCN 2020. Some documentation with regulations existed; however, no documents specifically mentioned by name the Elkhorn coral or any other Acropora corals. But fast is relative in the coral world; a colony of staghorn coral may only grow four inches (10 cm) per year. They inhabit clear waters and are typically found at a depth of 15–60 ft (4.5–18 m). Figure 2-3. Therefore, we consider them a reef-building coral. Elkhorn coral Acropora palmata (Lamarck, 1816) Description: Colonies with thick rounded or flat branches, without distinct axial corallites. The coral receives nutrients and oxygen from algae, and the algae receive nutrients and carbon dioxide from the coral. Staghorn Corals live on coral reefs throughout the Bahamas, Florida and the Caribbean. Often referred to as “rainforests of the sea,” coral reefs are perhaps the greatest, most vibrant expressions of ocean life. Euphyllia paradivisa, also known as branching frogspawn coral, is a stony coral that is common in the Coral Triangle area. (ed.) Branch diameter between 5 and 25 cm, and 1-3 cm thick . Elkhorn Coral is a sessile animal. A columella is absent.Habitat:On the reef at a higher level than Acropora cervicornis and Acropora prolifera up to within the reach of waves. It, along with staghorn coral and star corals (boulder, lobed, and mountainous), built Caribbean coral reefs over the last 5,000 years. Staghorn coral is one of the most important corals in the Caribbean. Not in inner bays.Distribution:Abundant to common Bahamas and Caribbean; common to occasional South Florida. They are densely packed, with 1-2 mm in between. As this coral grows, it forms a gnarling form like a branch from a tree growing on the windward side of a mountain. A coral outcrop on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. N. Deloach). It occurs in back reef and fore reef environments from 0 to 30 m (0 to 98 ft) depth. Colony diameter up to 3.5 meter, and more than 1 meter in height. Version 2020-2. Name: Ornate Eagle Ray. Voss, G.L., 1976. Give us feedback. A popular choice as a home for lobsters, parrot-fish, snappers and other reef fish. Due to their tree-like growth form, elkhorn corals provide complex habitat for fish and other coral ree… Contact; Thank you for your support! Elkhorn coral is the largest acroporid coral. Pollution, climate change and other stressors cause the algae to be expelled from the coral’s tissues, which makes them lose their major source of food and their colour – a process called coral bleaching. They tend to protrude vertically with many several off shooting side branches. As with staghorn coral (Acropora cervicornis), the dominant reproduction mode of elkhorn coral is asexual fragmentation. The scientific name for the common clownfish is Amphiprion ocellaris. Today, it is very rare … Corals are marine invertebrates within the class Anthozoa of the phylum Cnidaria. Elkhorn coralAcropora palmata(Lamarck, 1816)Description:Colonies with thick rounded or flat branches, without distinct axial corallites. Relatives of the sea anemone and every bit as splashy, corals display hues ranging from brilliant orange and deep salmon to pale pink and subtle violet. London, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited. This name is referred to as the common name or vernacular name. Studies on the fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean islands, 130. Acropora palmata (Elkhorn Coral) is a species of cnidarians in the family staghorn corals. This is just an expression of opinion. Stud. Roos, P.J., 1971. It is a fast growing species and is one of the most important reef-building species in the Caribbean. Reason of Endangerment: This coral lives in a very small range Some diseases have killed it off and also the impact of easily bleaching. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. The shallow-water stony corals of the Netherlands Antilles. Seashore life of Florida and the Carribbean. The elkhorn coral is named for the antler-like shape of its colonies. Humann, P., 1993. It is a photosymbiotroph. A. ocellaris is the clownfish that Nemo is modeled after in the movie Finding Nemo. Elkhorn Coral colonies have suffered heavily from a variety of threats, notably white-band disease, bleaching and sedimentation. These corals get their name from the fact that they form a crust on a substrate, and spread across the surface creating a thin colorful surface.
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